Kumari Kandam

7 Things That You Do Not Know About Kumari Kandam

Is Kumari Kandam Atlantis?

No, there has been lot of speculation and articles on this. 

We have written a nice article on Kumari Kandam in Tamil.

History of Kumari Kandam

Map of Kumari Kandam

Kumari Kandam or Lemuria alludes to a lost sub-landmass in the Indian sea. Lemuria landmass hypothesis was proposed in the late nineteenth century and this was received by Tamil Pentecostals back in twentieth century. In any case, Lemuria idea was later dropped for some obscure reasons in the wake of connecting it to the mainland float hypothesis.

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The vast majority know about the tale of Atlantis, the incredible depressed city as depicted by the old Greek savant Plato. Till this day, feeling is as yet isolated about whether this story ought to be seen truly or taken only as an ethical quality story.

Further east in the subcontinent of India is a comparative story, however, it presumably is less outstanding contrasted with that of Atlantis. This is the ‘lost landmass’ of Lemuria, every now and again associated with the legend of Kumari Kandam by speakers of the Tamil dialect.

The term Lemuria has its starting points in the last piece of the 19 th century. The English geologist Philip Sclater was confounded by the nearness of lemur fossils in Madagascar and India yet not in terrain Africa and the Middle East.

Lost Continent of Kumari Kandam

Therefore, in his 1864 article entitled ‘The Mammals of Madagascar’, Sclater recommended that Madagascar and India were once part of a bigger mainland, and named this missing landmass ‘Lemuria’.

Origin of Kumari Kandam

We all knew that the origin of the Tamilians and their culture is kept in deep mystery. Though there are many traditions written in early literature, “Kumari Kandam”, the land that lay to the south of India and, which later submerged in the Indian Ocean, has been a matter of conjecture for a study by scholars.

Kumari Kandam

With the development of the cutting edge ideas of mainland float and plate tectonics, nonetheless, Sclater’s recommendation of a submerged landmass was never again legitimate. However, the possibility of a lost landmass declined to pass on, some still trust that Kumari Kandam was a genuine mainland that existed before.

Term Lemuria was first coined by Sclater in 1864. He was a zoologist. The existence of primates in Madagascar and India and the absence of the same in Africa and Middle East puzzled him.

As Continental drift theory was not yet discovered in his time, he came up with the idea of a sunken continent to answer that puzzle. He named it as Lemuria.

As that theory was in support of Kumari Kandam, then Tamil scholars accepted and promoted that theory. Lemuria continent theory was bunked after the discovery of Continental drift theory.

There was once a supercontinent which split to become different continents. But it happened an awful lot of years back. Madagascar split from Indian subcontinent before 66–90 million years ago. That’s when the current Lemurs got separated from the primates of Indian subcontinent and evolved altogether to be a different lineage.

No humans were around that time let alone language. Even the earliest form of Homo species was not there before 2 million years ago. So there is this huge time gap of 60–70 million years after the huge continent split and before Humans evolved.

We didn’t come from a sunken continent far South. We came out of Africa.

Mismatch of Kumari Kandam Details

If you think, we came from Africa, settled down in Kumari Kandam before 14,000 years ( rough no based on this 4400+3300+1850+2500)

  1. Subscribing to this idea still refutes the hypothesis that, first man was born in Kumari Kandam. Which language were his ancestors talking before they reached Kumari Kandam? If it is Tamil, where was it born? Then what is the need for believing in Kumari Kandam myths? We can very well look North to see what our ancestors talked without looking South for the answer.
  2. No proof for a continent to have sunken before 4500 years ( As per Irayanar Agaporul that was the period when Sangam got to moved to the current Madurai). Let us have in mind it was the time when IVC was at its peak. We don’t have any other information about Kumari Kandam than what it appears in Irayanar Agaporul.
  3. Silapathigaram and Sangam works don’t talk clearly or extensively about Kumari Kandam. It mentions that name and inferring those mentions with the help of a later work like Irayanar Agaporul is misleading.
  4. We don’t have other geographical evidences to corroborate this theory of sunken continent. Please don’t confuse Keezhadi excavations with this. Existence of A doesn’t naturally proof the existence of B.

So called Kumari Kandam Remains

If you think Kumari Kandam was the land of first men, please change your stance at once. Because you have to disprove a hell lot of scientific theories to proof that.

  1. You have to refute the well established Continental drift theory. You have to find a new theory to replace that, which would perfectly explain natural phenomenon such as Earthquake and Tsunami.
  2. You have to refute Out-of-Africa theory. Again you have to come up with a panacea to fix all the damages caused by refuting it.
  3. You have to explain how Lemurs and other primates of India got separated 60 million years ago and evolved separately. ( If your submerged continent was big enough to include Madagascar)

Disbelief About Kumari Kandam

I can write pages and pages debunking Kumari Kandam myth. Few years before I was a believer too. I don’t believe it anymore.

The myths of sunken continent is seen in almost all cultures. Atlantis, Arc of Noah, Sumerian stories, Manu’s story. This idea is rampant. It might have born out of fear they had for natural calamities.

I won’t blame Tamil scholars of early 19th century for adding weitage to that theory. It was at a time before Lemuria was debunked by alternate theories. They tried to explain Kumari Kandam with what was then accepted scientific theory.

I think it is the current social media pages who spread and keep these myths very much alive now. Even after having access to vast data, I don’t know what stops us from giving up on a myth and move forward?

Like what R. Balakrishnan sir says in his book, it is time we stop looking at South for our ancestory and look in another direction for it.

Does Kumari Kandam Exist?

No, studies have shown that Kumari Kandam was never Atlantis.

With the current research evidence in literature in earlier Tamil Sangams and very few archaeological evidence to support, it is difficult to provide conclusion.

But with the time that was mentioned when it existed, we were able to corroborate that Kumari Kandam could have been annihilated due to natural forces like deluge, floods caused due to meteor or comet strike.

Kumari Kandam, as claimed by many Tamil scholars and historians, is said to be spread from eastern side of Madagascar to western side of Australia.

The entire part below South India is said to be Kumari Kandam. 

4 thoughts on “Kumari Kandam”

  1. It is really good to see the article nicely written about Kumari Kandam. Although, I disagree to certain points in the article about its myth. I still feel that this article could be expanded more.

  2. Nice and good article. Please include more pictures of Kumari Kandam or Lemuria. That would be helpful.


    • Dear Seethalakshmi,

      Thank you for your response. We are happy to receive the same. We would try to fulfill your request in our future posts.

      Content Study Team

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